President of the Philippines (May 28, 1946 – April 15, 1948). Last President of the Commonwealth. First President of the Post-Commonwealth Republic (aka Third Republic). Senate President (1945-1946). Executive Secretary and designated successor to the presidency during WWII. Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) and Aide-De-Camp to Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Speaker of the House of Representatives (1922-1933). Secretary of Finance (1938). Provincial Governor of Capiz province (1919). Municipal Councilor of Capiz town. Bar Topnotcher in 1914.
Name: Manuel Acuña Roxas
- Date: 1 January 1892
- Place: Capiz (now Roxas City), Capiz province
- Date: 15 April 1948
- Age: 56
- Place: US Air Force Base, Clark, Angeles City, Pampanga
- Cause: Heart Attack (after delivering a speech)
- Father: Gerardo Roxas (killed by the Spanish Guardia Civil before Manuel was born)
- Mother: Rosario Acuña
- Spouse: Trinidad De Leon
- Finished primary/elementary education at St. Joseph College in Hong Kong
- Finished high school at Manila High School in 1910
- Earned College Degree in University of Manila
- Earned Bachelor of Laws at the school of law of Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) which later became College of Law of the University of the Philippines. He was a member of the college’s first ever graduating class in 1913.
- Placed first in the Bar Examinations.
Timeline and highlights
- Worked as private secretary to Chief Justice Renato Cayetano
- Taught law at the Philippine School of Law in 1915 to 1916.
- Elected Councilor of Capiz town.
- Elected Governor of Capiz province in 1919.
- Elected President of Governors’ Convention.
- Elected Congressman of Capiz province in 1922.
- Elected Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1922.
- Sent to the USA together with Osmeña on a mission regarding Philippine Independence.
- Instrumental in getting the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Law passed in the US Congress. The law provided for the granting of Philippine Independence in 10 years.
- Member of the Constitutional Assembly of 1934-1935.
- Appointed Secretary of Finance in Pres. Manuel Quezon‘s Cabinet in 1938.
- Elected Senator in 1941, but was unable to serve until 1945 because of the outbreak of World War II.
- Served as Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army Forces in the Far East (USAFFE).
- Aide-de-camp to Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Corregidor.
- Accompanied President Quezon to Corregidor where he supervised the destruction of Philippine currency to prevent its capture by the Japanese.
- Appointed as Executive Secretary and designated as successor to the presidency in the event that President Quezon or Vice-Pres. Osmeña were captured or killed.
- Captured and imprisoned by the Japanese invasion forces in 1942.
- Accepted the position of chairman of the Economic Planning Board in Pres. Laurel’s wartime Cabinet.
- Elected Senate President in 1945.
- Elected as President of the Philippine commonwealth on April 23, 1946.
- Term ended in time with the appointed date of Philippine independence: July 4, 1946
- First president of the Philippine Republic after gaining independence from American occupation.
- Immediately assumed responsibility as the government transitioned from being a commonwealth to a republic.
- Served as president for only 2 years.
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